Dave here: Transition Town Jericho and their volunteers have completed the picking and distribution of the butternut squash you grew for the Extra Row Project.
The harvesting took about an hour, with 18 volunteers and a pick up truck Saturday October 1st. We piled them at the end of the row ready to distribute to local food shelves.
Over the next 14 days the squash was distributed to local food shelves and other distribution points. Each squash was wiped down and counted as they were boxed for each distribution.
The distribution was as follows, preceded by count of squash delivered:
500 Janet S. Munt Family Room
140 Jericho Underhill Food Shelf
125 Williston Food Shelf
30 Colchester Food shelf
130 Essex UCC church Heavenly Food Pantry
50 Aunt Dot's Place
10 Jericho Center food shed
40 Jeri-Hill Seniors
130 Feeding Chittenden (375 pounds)
1155 squash distributed,
3,234 pounds of squash, if the average weight is 2.8 lbs each.
Special thanks to Jeff York and Heidi and Steve Klein for helping Dave and Laura transporting squash to distribution centers.
Here are the squash as they are delivered and displayed, ready for taking home to eat!
Dave here: as a follow up to the Kids Garden Contest, Transition Town Jericho Team visited some of the winner's gardens in August and September to see how they did during this growing season. The kids were very excited to show off their gardens and tell the TTJ team about their experiences. Below are some pictures of the kids with their gardens and a few words about what they learned.
Aiden and Charlotte were very excited to show off their garden. Charlotte and Aiden had a healthy garden filled with Snap Peas, Cucumbers, Beans with some Marigolds and Cosmos flowers.
The Snap Peas, and Beans were producing, and the first good sized cucumbers were harvested while we were visiting. Also was able to snack on pea pods and beans during the visit.
They said they liked growing a garden and would do it again next year and would not do anything different next year, but maybe less flowers.
Juniper grew Cherry and Large tomatoes, cucumbers and flowers. Oliver (not pictured) grew Hen and Chicks.
They sold some of the vegetables at their farm stand along side the road. The proceeds go to the Smiley school.
Juniper would tell others her age that gardening was pretty easy, and that they should do it too.
Next year Juniper wants to do all flowers in her garden!
Vera loved having a garden. She has her eye on a much larger piece of property, currently an overgrown field, that she wants to turn into flowers and start a business selling them. She definitely wants to garden next year, and she would definitely encourage her friends to give it a try.
Kids garden visit with Ronin, Bodie, and Jackson (back to front),
We were greeted by Viking helmeted very excited kids to show us their garden.
They grew Dino Kale, red Russian Kale, Carrots, cucumbers, peas that were climbing up some string.
They tried the square foot garden technique which was good early in the garden, but got too much growing in the space
They liked growing the garden, especially the snap peas. Liked watching the cucumbers grow. Peppers in the middle of the garden were not growing well, maybe too crowded?
Would like to plant a garden next year, would like to grow watermelon, pumpkin, carrots.
Maddie referred to her garden as a jungle. The garden was well covered with dwarf sunflowers, much taller than she! She was also surprised that the garden got so crowded with all her plants.
She had a lot of fun with the garden and will do it again next year.
She would not allow the plants to spread and not plant as many wildflowers.
Next year she will plant flowers to attract butterflies.
Cally grew Arugula, Kale, lettuce, cherry tomatoes and lemon cucumber, as well as greens and Thai basil. she also grew Zinnia as well.
She found that using newspaper under the soil did a great job keeping the weeds down.
Next year to grow more herbs in the garden as it is close to the kitchen and quickly accessible. Add lettuce and beets and little pumpkins.
On October 1st, 18 volunteers with a pickup truck went into Tucker Andrews field and picked butternut squash that he had planted in June. There were hundreds of squashes spread over a row that was 40 yards long.
With 18 ready hands, we got to work loading the squash in small boxes and onto the truck to deliver to the staging area near the entrance to the field. From that staging area, we will load the squash to drive to different food shelves in Chittenden County.
After about 45 minutes of cutting stems and carrying squash the field was cleaned and squash piled at the end of the field. At best count we estimated there to be approximately 1000 squash picked.
The adage, “many hands make light work”, was truly the message of the day.
Thanks to the volunteers: Geoff, Katy and Hunter Cole, Reed and Chris Simms, Heidi Klein, Anne and Dave Clift, Laura Markowitz, Bob Savaglio, Joanne Weinstock, Lisa Walker, Barb Lindburg, Tom Costello, Danielle Thiery, Pearce Sweeney, Chantal deLaBruere OConnor and Jeff York.
Over the next few weeks the squash will be delivered to food shelves in Jericho, Williston, Colchester and Burlington, Vemont.
Jericho homesteader Chris Simms shared her many pearls of wisdom on September 26 at the Jericho Town Library. Sixteen people of all ages showed up for this workshop/discussion on Food Preservation, focusing on using low energy methods.
Chris has gained ample knowledge and experience, gathered over years working with her husband Reed toward self sufficiency. She brought and shared tasty samples of foods she had preserved.
She started with some gardening tips, such as leaving frost tolerant things in the garden as long as possible; this keeps the supply going and improves flavors as well. Examples include chard, kale, cabbage and lettuce. Root crops like carrots, beets and parsnips may remain viable into the spring, as long as you remember where they are!
Root cellars are ideal, or any other space that’s cool and frost proof. Any large container will do: using something like sand, straw or newspaper, layer produce so it’s not touching, checking frequently. Chris suggested storing apples away from other produce as they put off ethylene gas, promoting rotting.
Other recommendations were storing potatoes in burlap sacks and hanging in the cellar. Winter squash prefers slightly warmer temps, so wrapping them in newspaper within paper bags stored under your bed works well!
Chris talked about pressure canning versus water bath canning, saying the latter is a good option for anything with enough sugar and/or acids, i.e., jams and pickles, etc. She also talked about freezing versus canning; though the latter uses stovetop energy, it enables a longer shelf life of up to two years.
Chris brought along her electric dehydrator and described a simple solar design as another option. She said drying fruit works better than vegetables, as it retains more vitamins and flavor. She recommended using the car dashboard for drying on a sunny day, the ultimate low energy method. Regarding meat, Chris said that microbial changes that happen when drying improves the flavor. Pemmican, or dried beef can last upwards of fifty years, a true survival food!
Using microorganisms to preserve a variety of foods and produces healthy flora for digestion. Chris showed us a big jar with cucumbers floating at the top; a mixture of vinegar, water and salt that she simply adds cucumbers to as they ripen, producing an ongoing supply of pickles. They were scrumptious!
Chris suggested freezing cooked squash, spinach, beef and green onions to name a few. Berries in abundance can be frozen, saving them to use all winter.
An age old method, still used for meats; not as healthy or tasty for vegetables
Herbs: picking in the morning post-dew, then either laying out to dry (or gathered in bunches and hung in paper bags as one participant suggested).
Fruits: Blend berries with a bit of sugar, then dry the slurry into fruit leather; this lasts over a year. Dry your ground cherries to make tasty raisins. Numerous options for cherry tomatoes were offered by participants from drying them for tasty treats to making jams and butters.
Beans: Let your beans dry right on the vine, shuck them before they break out of pods.
*. *. *
As for me, I’ve been in the kitchen nearly nonstop since the workshop; drying, freezing and fermenting anything I can get my hands on- thanks to Chris for the current obsession!
On a recent Saturday morning, a crew of four of us helped farmer Charlie Siegchrist of Barber Farm pick yellow beans for donation. After filling over five bushels, we called it a day. Small feelings of guilt at the oodles of yellow beans still beckoning from the vines, but Charlie assured us that folks from the Vermont Youth Conservation Corps (VYCC) were coming on Monday to help harvest.
One volunteer delivered a brimming bushel of beans to Aunt Dot’s Place in Essex Junction, and Charlie planned to deliver the rest to the food-sharing sheds in Underhill and Jericho.
Charlie, once a professional strawberry farmer, now spends his “retirement” growing food for charity. Even though he said he’s cut back this summer, his fields of squash, pumpkin, corn, beans and peppers are filled with abundance. He was particularly pleased with this year’s green peppers, showing me the happy plants. The varieties were Vanguard and Karisma, so called continuous set plants. These are high yield with an early harvest followed by a second harvest later in the summer; even after a soft frost, the peppers are still viable.
Charlie said VYCC is the main recipient of his produce, as they supply hospitals across the state as well as providing weekly shares to 420 nutritionally at-risk families. Charlie happens to be my landlord and I feel lucky to live on land that provides food for so many people!
*Extra Row farmer Tucker Andrew reports his butternut squash are getting closer to being ready to harvest at his Bolton fields. Watch for announcements on this website for harvest days!
It is that time of year to get soil ready for planting. On May 23, ten volunteers, teens to octogenarians, came out to the Edible Gardens, located at 5001/2 Browns Trace Road to clear grasses and weeds for planting. This property is owned by the Town of Jericho and is being used for an Edible Landscape Project, initiated and managed by Ann Gnagey and Tom Baribault. Thanks to the volunteers for helping; as the saying goes, "many hands make light work".
Once the garden area is cleared of field grasses, potatoes, onions and squash will be planted. Since this is a deer migration corridor, the hope is that they will show no interest in those crops during the growing season.
This project is ongoing through the summer, then into harvesting season in September. If you'd like to help with the project, please contact Ann Gnagey at TTJericho.firstname.lastname@example.org, and you can make arrangements with her on planning a day to come and help.
To celebrate the beginning of gardening season, TTJ had the opportunity to share the joy with some beginning gardeners. Eleven families whose children won their very own raised bed gardens through the Gro-Jericho kids’ essay/drawing contest received frames, stakes, soil, and other useful items just in time for planting.
The winners ranged in age from about just under six to just over thirteen. Their dreams and goals varied from standard northern vegetable crops like peas, carrots, and tomatoes to bed-filling items like sunflowers, squash, and corn. Some of the children wanted to grow flowers. One young man proposed filling his raised bed with “a billion percent dandelions” to help the bees.
Three members of the TTJ Steering Committee delivered the raised beds. What a joyful privilege that was! As we pulled in with a trailer full of soil and a van with their 4x6’ garden frames onboard, children raced out of their homes with eyes a shine, some of them jumping up and down with excitement while others retained a sophisticated demeanor of responsibility. This garden, they knew, would take a lot of care and work.
We got to see where the kids planned to place their gardens. Some spots had an expansive view. Others were tucked into cozy, sunny nooks. One bed would be placed by the family’s trampoline to make it easier to remember to tend it. The young gardeners explained where they’d get water and how they might protect their gardens from deer, bugs, and bunnies. Gardening requires a lot of adaptability. Conditions can change overnight. But the proud owners of these new raised beds have done their homework and they’re ready for the challenge. The TTJ website has already started receiving photos of children with big smiles and muddy hands, and gardens marked out with strings and row labels. It will be exciting to see how their gardens grow!
Wants to grow: Carrots, peas, corn, beans, tomatoes, pumpkins
Charlotte & Aiden-
Wants to grow: Carrots, cucumbers, green beans, and flowers
Hazen and Cally-
Wants to grow: crow carrots, cherry tomatoes, peppers, peas, cucumbers, basil, and other herbs like chives, parsley, thyme, oregano, cilantro, tomatoes, garlic, and some flowers like Zinnias and sunflowers.
Wants to grow: Marigolds to keep pets away, pollinators to get butterflies and bees, bush beans my favorite vegetable, sunflowers they are so pretty, corn cus it is sweet and ground cherries the one tomato I like.
Daisy and Oliver -
Wants to grow: strawberries, flowers, basil , green beans, nasturtiums and spinach
Ziji and Audrey -
Wants to grow: carrots, pumpkins, snap peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, watermelon, dino kale, and flowers
Wants to grow: Black Beauty, Pokedot Blend, roggil riesen, strawflower
Wants to grow: Snap peas, pumpkins, cucumbers, potatoes, carrots, and lots and lots of flowers!
Jackson, Ronin and Bodhi White -
Wants to grow: I would grow roses, peas, sunflowers, tomatoes, carrots, lettuce and pumpkins; 100000000% dandil lion, 4 seed packs dandil lions, tiger lily and peas; daffodils, carrots, irises, sungold tomatoes, peas,
Juniper and Oliver -
Want to grow: tomatoes, peas and corn
Could Jericho build local food sovereignty? And if we did, what would that look like?
The GRO-Jericho Kids Garden Contest is a pilot project that Transition Town Jericho embarked on this spring. This is a small way to reach into the community and start sharing the idea of growing your own food.
With a goal of giving away ten 4’x 6’ gardens, the TTJ team advertised at the Jericho Town Library and The Deborah Rawson Library. The rules were very easy; just describe in writing or draw a picture of what you would like to grow in your garden.
We received eleven entries in the contest and it was decided to award them all a garden. We got several pictures submitted with the contest applications. Pictured here is Bodhi with his artwork. He said he’d like to grow daffodils, carrots, irises, sungold, tomatoes and peas.
Our Steering Committee was excited to meet these new gardeners, as we delivered the beds to all of the homes in the week leading up to Mother’s Day. Later this summer, we’ll be visiting the kids to see how their gardens are growing.
Congratulations to the First Annual Kids Garden Contest winners!
Irene and Dave here:
On April 25, Transition Town Jericho presented a 90 minute hands-on gardening experience at the Jeri-Hill Retirement Community. TTJ donated the 4’ by 6’ raised garden bed, and UVM Master Gardener Eric Hill assembled it on site for about twenty or so people. Besides the JeriHill residents, a couple families and children who entered TTJ’s Kid’s Garden Contest attended as well and eagerly helped move the dirt!
Eric guided folks through setting up the raised bed garden, sharing the following information:
Why use a raised bed? It drains better, warms the soil faster, and adds two to three weeks more growing time to the season. It decreases weed and pests, and helps build better soil.
Building your raised bed garden box
Steer clear of pressure-treated wood. Pine can work; cedar lasts longer. Synthetics are now available as well. Start with 6” depth; you can always go to 12” later on.Four feet across is ideal so you can reach the middle, and it can be any length.You can place the garden right on sod by putting down a layer of cardboard or several layers newspaper; soak it with water before adding the soil. One-half cubic yards of soil will fit into a 4’x 6’ garden
How to site your raised bed
Find a location that is easily accessible, and make sure there is abundant sunlight (ideally more than eight hours per day) in that location. Also, consider drainage in that spot; not too much water and ideally close to a water source for easy watering during dry times.
Lasagna Gardens are a type of raised bed. You build a lasagna garden by alternating layers of carbon and nitrogen source materials. Carbon comes from newspaper, leaves, and straw and nitrogen comes from manure, grass clippings and compost.
Other Factors to consider:
Frost Dates Last frost (mid to late May) and first frost (mid to late October). Spinach and peas are frost tolerant and can be planted outside before most other crops.
Days to Maturity Counted if you seed directly into the ground.
Start plants indoors Eric recommended this to extend your growing season.
Space requirements for the plants If you plant to densely, leaves can’t dry out and might mildew as well as easier access for pests to spread. Trellising is a good option. Experiment!
Layout Tall plants should go in the back (north side) so they don’t block sun from low-lying plants. Eric recommended planning out your garden on paper for added success.
Compost With access to water, air and heat you can make your own!
Water in the early morning (best) or in the evening (next best). If soil is moist two inches down, you can skip watering, Eric said.
Thanks to Eric for coming out and sharing his expertise for this event!
Laura M. reporting:
About fourteen of us gathered at the Jericho Town Library on March 21 to attend Laura Oliver’s informative workshop on Seed Starting. This was TTJ’s first in-person meeting since the start of the pandemic and fell on the first (lovely!) day of spring! Laura co-founded and heads the Jericho Seed Library and is an avid home gardener herself.
Here are some of the takeaways:
Whys of seed starting
Besides saving money, having flexibility with timing, and a wider choice of seeds, Laura said you are in better charge of the health of your own plants.
Types of seeds
1)Open pollinated which are pollinated by insects, birds and wind; 2)Heirloom which are passed down through the generations (all heirloom seeds are open pollinated) and; 3)Hybrid which are created from different parent seeds, producing a new variety; unusable for saving/replanting.
Laura said most seeds last for several years, with a few exceptions, such as alliums. For older seeds, simply plant more of them to assure germination. Laura took us through how to read seed packets to garner the useful info provided. For example, days to maturity refers to when the seedling is transplanted into the ground rather than when the seed is planted.
Seed tray options
After describing various options of seed trays, Laura ultimately recommended using soil blockers in which you mold your own blocks of soil, avoiding the use of trays altogether except for a bottom tray holder. She said locals are looking into the library obtaining a soil blocker for communal use.
Seedling maintenance and health
Laura suggested using warming mats for germination, then getting seeds under lights as soon as they poke through the soil. (Some exceptions like small-seeded lettuce germinate better with light). Seedlings need roughly 16 hours of light a day; bent stems indicate a lack of light!
Other tips for healthy seedlings and avoiding a fungal disease called damping off: don’t over water; just water when the top of soil starts to dry out; bottom water from the edge of the tray when seedlings are new and fragile. Once the second set of leaves show up, you can water from the top. Keep fan going for good air circulation. Fertilize seedlings after three with dilute fish emulsion. After 3-4 weeks, transplant either to the garden, or to larger pots if needed.
When to plant
Laura cautioned against starting seeds too early, saying that seedlings should be indoors for as little time as possible. While info such as Jericho being in zone four or the first official frost date being between May 15 and June 15 is helpful, there are many other factors like wind and land elevation to take into account. Reading signs of nature can be helpful too; Laura said she is cued by spring peepers and various migratory birds in knowing when to plant.
She recommended hardening off seedlings before outdoor planting, to slowly introduce them to the outdoors. She said it they’re cold hardy, they can be left outside overnight (under cover) but recommended bringing tender plants indoors if it falls below 50 or so degrees.
Keeping seeds cool and dry is best for germination; put dessicant packages in with your seeds!
Invest in LED lights; better for the environment, longer lasting and more effective.
Planting depth for seeds is generally twice the size of the seed being planted.
Garlic and chamomile tea help prevent damping off of seedlings.
Laura finished her talk by introducing us to the Seed Library; resembling a card catalog, it’s located on the first floor of the Jericho Town Library. Becoming a member and access to seeds is free and open to everyone.