Laura here on the 2021 Report!
Edible Landscape Project
A productive summer for Jericho’s Edible Landscape Project (just north of 500 Brown’s Trace) Ann Gnagey reported she and husband Tom Baribault planted leeks, New England pie pumpkins, and about seven varieties of potatoes, all with fair yields.
New berry additions to the elderberries were purple-flowering raspberries and to the existing edible trees (apples, black cherry and serviceberry) they added twelve black walnut seedlings and two chestnuts. If you look toward the west, you can see the two chestnut trees just to the north of Kurt Melin’s (neighbor) shed. Since these trees are also favorites for rabbits and deer, they protected them with wire and mesh, visible from the road. Five yards of compost were purchased from Davis Farm and have been used to build the soil, giving the seedling trees a good start.
This past summer, TTJ initiated GRO-Jericho, encouraging neighbors to work together to grow more of their own food and build community at the same time. Reports here on three of the summer’s garden groups.
Brown’s Trace neighborhood gardeners:
Ann reports she and Tom have worked closely with four couples who live within a half mile of their homestead. Folks have gotten to know each other and share gardening chores, chicken, sheep, and pet care. This enables them to take vacations and have reliable help while they’re gone. Produce is shared when someone has excess and Ann encourages them to use their greenhouse to dry food and grow plants. The working relationships are good and Ann expressed satisfaction in getting to know each other better.
Pinehurst Drive neighborhood gardens:
Dave Clift reports there were five families invited to be involved in the gardening effort, planning to grow and can tomatoes together. As the summer progressed, it became apparent that everyone's growing season based on the type of tomatoes grown were different and there never seemed to be enough produce to do a large canning effort among the families. The concept of crop sharing was not entirely embraced, as the greater focus was on each individual’s garden efforts.
Dave shared his excess crops like potatoes, onions, peas and carrots. Lesson learned: being part of a neighborhood group caused some anxiety about how to share. Sharing crops that grew well and produced extra worked best, as well as sharing with the group as the crop was harvested.
Barber Farm gardeners:
No formal group here, but cooperation among us neighboring gardeners, with about four gardens in all. There is some sharing of seeds and tools, and taking care of each others’ gardens while on vacation. Retired farmer/landscaper Charlie Siegchrist is always ready to lend a hand with his plow or offer up greenhouse space when needed. At summer’s end, when retiring our aging compost boxes, Charlie helped shift the large quantity of compost onto the fall beds. Last year he plowed an area for us to establish a pollinator garden and this year our gardens seemed to attract a multitude of birds and insects, yay!
Barber Farm growers tend to share excess harvest with each other. My favorite swap of the season was supplying a neighbor’s family with excess beets, then later receiving a bunch of pickled beets from them. Nice surprise at Halloween: all residents of Barber Farm received personal pumpkins with their initials engraved; somehow Charlie kept it a secret all summer!
Do you have examples of neighborhood garden crop-swapping and/or collaborating? If so, please send along your stories and we’ll include them here...let’s do more to GRO-Jericho!
Year two of the Extra Row Project with farmers Tucker Andrews and Charlie Siegchrist has been completed!
In June, Tucker Andrews laid down plastic and planted 400 feet of butternut squash for TTJ volunteers to tend, harvest and deliver to food agencies at the end of the summer. We had great weather for working in the fields this summer and early fall, weeding in July and harvesting in early October before the first frost. There were about ten volunteers on each work day, so we were able to complete the tasks in about an hour; many hands made the work light and fast!
It was a great experience working with Tucker and seeing the final results, with over 2400 pounds of butternut squash grown, weeded, picked and transported to five food agencies in Chittenden County. While the majority of squash were donated to Feeding Chittenden in Burlington, others were delivered to the Janet S. Munt Family Room, Williston Food Shelf, Heavenly Food Pantry at the First Congregational Church in Essex Junction, as well as two deliveries to the Jericho-Underhill-Essex Ecumenical Food Shelf. In all, 880 squash were harvested and donated.
Special thanks to the TTJ volunteers that assisted in the weeding, picking and delivering the squash to the food agencies. They include: Jeff York, Bill McMains, Amy and Steve Ludwin, Mary Bibb, Geoffrey Cole, Irene Wrenner, Burt Lindholm, Bob Savaglio, Barb Lindburg, Jessica Dion, Jason Gallet, Barbara Frankowski, Laura Markowitz and Anne Clift.
As Val Gabert of the Heavenly Food Shelf said, “...without all of you working together in support of each other, this opportunity would not be available.” Thank you Tucker, for again making the Extra Row Project possible!
Charlie Siegchrist of Barber Farm in Jericho Center joined The Extra Row Project this year, supporting the Essex-Jericho-Underhill Ecumenical Food Shelf’s distribution day. Thanks to Joanna Weinstock for providing us with additional volunteers to pick those sumptuous green beans in July- the bean bushes were overflowing with beans and several bushels were picked with plenty of volunteers to complete the task.
With such an abundance of beans, a few volunteers showed up again a few days later to provide additional bushels, this time delivered to the Janet S. Munt Family Room in Burlington for their families. Thank you to Charlie for planting and tending those beans and joining the Extra Row Project!
Transition US Regenerative Communities Summit
The national hub of the Transition movement, Transition US, is hosting an online Summit that will trace an arc from “What Is” to “What If” to “What's Next.” The Regenerative Communities Summit will extend from Friday evening, Sept 24th through Sunday, October 10th. Yes, that’s three weekends and two intervening weeks with an abundance of inspiring plenary sessions, skill-building workshops, dynamic discussion spaces, films, and engaging activities.
This is an awesome opportunity to learn about the Transition movement on a national scale. As the climate emergency, social crises, natural and everyday disasters continue to rock our communities, Transition and the broader movement for regenerative, just and resilient communities offer inspiration and hope through practical local action. Transition US invites all doers and dreamers, activists and community leaders, farmers and entrepreneurs, educators and artists, and everyday people eager to reimagine and rebuild our world.We have social spaces, too, where you can meet and connect with fellow organizers from all around the country and beyond, including those within the Transition Movement as well as people from allied groups and movements.
Did we mention registration is by donation? That means you can have all this for free if you wish. Suggested donation is $45 (already a bargain) but you can pay as little or as much as you like. Not only that, everything in the Summit will be recorded and accessible whenever you have the time to watch, or re-watch.
Register for the Summit now to enjoy the Summit's Mighty Networks platform (already live) where you can meet and connect with fellow organizers from all around the country, those within the Transition movement, as well as from allied groups. You will also gain access to the recordings of all the programs and films! Please Note: Times on the website are Pacific time. Add 3 hours for Eastern.
-Thanks to Transition Town Media (PA) for this post!
Extra Row Project’s “Weeding Day”
The extra row of squash, planted by Tucker Andrews off Nashville Road, is growing quite well and will be ready for harvesting in September. But even with plastic placed around the plants and between rows, weeds have popped up. The row needed to be weeded to keep the squash plants strong and not have to compete with taller weeds.
On July 24th, Transition Town Jericho pulled together seven volunteers to come out to the field to get those weeds pulled. The day started off cool, with the warming sun soon hitting our backs. We were glad to be out early in the day before the heat became a challenge! At 180 yards, the squash row was pretty long, so we got to work and went quickly, getting the row cleared of weeds in just over half an hour. The weeds came up easily as a result of the recent rains.
It was great working in the field on a beautiful sunny day. The squash plants had big leaves and trailer vines populated the aisles between the rows; we had to be careful where we stepped. Among the squash leaves, we could see the little squash forming. Alongside the volunteers, there were plenty of bees buzzing around, pollinating the many squash flowers and varieties of field birds were singing their summer songs. It made for a very pleasant experience.
A special thanks goes out to the volunteers who were able to come by to assist:
Bill McMains, Amy and Steve Ludwin, Jessica Dion, Jason Gallet, Barbara Frankowski and Anne Clift.
Please watch for our squash harvest announcement coming up in September. Tucker advises leaving the squash in the field as long as possible, but will be watching for signs of an early frost; the harvest ideally completed before that occurs.
Dave and Laura’s report:
Here at the height of the gardening season, we may see pests and diseases destroying our crops. On July 12, we invited Ann Hazelrigg, Director of the Plant Diagnostic Clinic at UVM to speak to about 16 participants. Her zoom presentation, Garden Pests and Diseases of 2021 and Beyond, included diagnostics of participant’s garden pests.
Ann jumped right in, including pests that have yet to arrive into Vermont, but important to know about as they will likely soon threaten Vermont’s native species. Ann pointed out that our trees are especially susceptible, as the newer pests do not have natural predators and can harm or kill trees in a few seasons.
One example is the spotted lantern fly or “gypsy moth” which is being seen here in its largest numbers since the 1990s. Ann said it’s best to eliminate them in the early larva stage in June, before they become gray moths (July). An unsuspected threat is the “crazy snakeworm” a type of earth worm that damages new growth roots and may defoliate large areas of the forest floor. First arriving here fifty years ago in pots from Asia, the snakeworms now arrive in potted soils from the south; be aware to look out for these worms if you purchase nursery stock. The “spotted wing drosophila” attacks any soft fruit. It was brought to the region on the winds of Hurricane Irene few years ago. The best solution for this fruit fly is using row covers (one called Protect 80 is widely available).
Moving onto crops, Ann talked about “septoria leaf spot” the typically blight we see on tomato plants, She said it’s important to rotate crops year to year to prevent the resurgence of blight (either early or late) as the fungus can overwinter on dead plant tissue. Blights start lower in the plant and works its way up the plant; the goal in prevention is to insure quick drying.
Things you can do:
-Stake the plants
-Keep the plants strong with good soils.
-Avoid overhead watering as the moisture promotes the growth of the blight. The more rain we have the more blight we see.
-Improve air circulation by picking off the lower leaves of the plant.
Problems with broccoli plants that don’t produce heads or kale that starts rotting from the inside? Ann talked about the “swede midge” a tiny bug that only attacks brassicas; she said that while solutions are experimental at this point, prevention may be the best route: dedicated rotation and keeping plants covered until flowering, two suggestions offered for a number of other pest problems as well.
Ann addressed many more garden pest issues that we are seeing this summer. To view the presentation, send in a request to: TTJericho.VT@gmail.com
If you have questions or are seeing unusual pests in you gardens or forests, please feel free to contact Ann at: firstname.lastname@example.org
On May 24th, Transition Town Jericho hosted Michelle Acciavatti and Tim Graves to discuss Natural Burial (Green Burial) in Vermont.
Michelle, a death doula and green educator, was part of a group of citizens that worked to fully legalize green burials in Vermont in 2017. Working in the funeral industry inspired her to partner with Tim on the sister ventures of a creating a centrally located cemetery dedicated to natural burial and a funeral home that specializes in natural burial on that land.
Natural burial sites are maintained using ecological land management practices without the use of vaults, using nontoxic embalming fluids and a nontoxic, nonhazardous, plant derived burial container or shroud.
In their presentation, Michelle discussed the downside of cremation: the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere and the fossil fuel used. She showed examples of the amount of space that cemeteries use, the large amount of embalming fluid and the wasteful use of resources in steel and concrete used for caskets.
Natural burial sites can be used for other things beside burials, such as nature trails, wedding venues and a place to find solitude.
No embalming fluid is used; bodies are preserved by cooling before the burial ceremony. Natural burial uses only biodegradable containers for the remains. This allows for a natural partnership between the body and soil microbiome through direct contact with the soil once the body is laid to rest.
Natural burial graves are 3.5 feet beneath the surface of the soil where decomposition can happen without being cut off from heat and oxygen. These decomposers work in unison with the body’s bacteria to promote a natural process. 3.5 feet also is enough to keep scavengers from digging up the grave.
There is growing interest in and accessibility to natural burials. For more information about natural burials in Vermont, please contact Michelle or Tim at: email@example.com, or visit their website at Home | Mysite
Laura M reporting:
Laura Oliver of Let’s Grow Jericho Seed Library led us through a talk May 17 on Lasagna Gardening. Laura, a true local, grew up in Underhill with a family that gardened, raised animals and foraged. These days, she raises her own family on a two acre homestead on Nashville Road, pictured above.
Originally their land consisted of sandy, rocky soil filled with quack grass and weeds. Since embarking on lasagna gardening two years ago, they’ve turned things around; UVM soil testing showed nicely balanced soil that’s rich and fluffy, Laura said.
Lasagna gardening is a layering process for building vibrant, rich garden beds. Fall is the best time to prepare beds so that materials can break down, but spring works too.
Laura described the steps, starting with a ground layer of cardboard or newspaper layers that can be put directly on a lawn, if need be. Then cover with a couple inches of chips or straw, wetting it down.
After that, alternate layers of brown and green. The brown is carbon dominant things like newspaper, wood chips, grass clippings, straw, sawdust. Green is nitrogen dominant; materials like fresh grass clippings, weeds (before they go to seed), kitchen scraps. If it’s spring and you plan to plant directly in it, you need a layer of topsoil or compost before the final layer of mulch on top.
The final product may be up to two feet high, but it breaks down, forming a raised bed.
Why do it?
-Can make use of found materials or refuse from neighbors such as leaves or sawdust.
-Need less fertilizer, since you plant directly in compost.
-Supports soil mycelium, which Laura called the “neurological network of nature”
-Soil you create is easy to work; crumbly loose and loamy.
Laura recommended observing soil of the forest floor; pulling up those leaves to observe the white mycelium (can bring some of that rich leaf litter to your garden beds!)
She also recommended cover crops to prevent erosion and carbon oxidation in the veggie beds.
Laura gave an update on Let’s Grow Jericho, where they’re currently organizing a Tool Library, to lend out tools to the community. She said that the Seed Library itself is a great resource for free seeds. It’s also a great way for the community to access and save heirloom seeds. Laura also cited the Abenaki Land Link program, through which she and some neighbors are growing several heirloom, indigenous crops.
Link to meeting:
On April 26, TTJ hosted a zoom meeting initiating GRO-Jericho to inspire the formation of neighborhood groups around gardening. If you’re a home gardener like me, you’ve got things you can grow well and others not so much; the idea is for neighbors to think about both offers and needs within the areas of vegetable crops, storage space, and food preservation, etc. Have a conversation, and figure out how cooperating will lead to more for all, possibly extending the season’s output.
You may have an informal group already, or maybe no one gardens much; TTJ will provide support to both new gardeners and experienced green thumbers in the form of mentorships, tutorials, and Google Docs to keep groups connected.
Here’s a sample letter; feel free to adapt and pass along to your neighbors to start the conversation!
Inviting you to join a new initiative, GRO-Jericho, a combination of collaborating, swapping and neighborly fun!
I’m starting a neighborhood group here at Barber Farm, and other neighborhood groups are joining the initiative, organized by Transition Town Jericho (TTJ). Check out website: transitiontownjericho.net
The idea is this: Some of us garden a little or a lot of this or that, and we can collaborate together so we fill in the gaps. For example, I love growing garlic, lettuce, herbs, scallions, collards, radiccio and carrots, all organic and often have enough to share. As far as preserving foods, I have some experience fermenting foods & a dehydrator for drying. On the other hand, I’d love it if someone wanted to offer up canning, and would love access to veggie storage space over the winter.
If each neighbor thinks of both offers and needs, the possibilities are many!
If one of us non-gardeners has a sunny spot to share, maybe another neighbor who doesn’t have a good space could garden there. TTJ has resources to get us going whether it’s a new garden, or help along the way, offering Google Docs to keep the GRO-groups connected.
Call or email me if you’re interested!]
Good luck leading the way in your neighborhood, and keep us posted! If you’d like to have a Google Doc set up for your neighborhood group, send an email with a request to: TTJericho.VT@gmail.com
Over thirty folks showed up for TTJ’s zoom meeting on March 22, Transitioning to Spring: Creating Abundance! Jericho’s own Ann Gnagey presented, as well as guest speaker Bill McKibben.
Ann started us off, sharing a particular piece of knowledge that motivated her to get more proactive: she learned of ice cone data showing 400,000 years of stability between CO2 levels and temperatures, and how this delicate balance has ended recently with rapidly increasing CO2 levels. She said getting to work on building resiliency and educating others helped her through the depressing news.
Ann gave an overview of the three keys to sustainability: Solar Energy, Biodiversity, and Water Cycles (not enough time to cover; next meeting perhaps?)
She and husband Tom continue to make changes on their homestead to build resiliency; with power outages more common, they’re less reliant on freezing things and do more drying with solar dryers and greenhouses, plus lactofermentation to preserve their food.
Wanting to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels, they rely more on wood for cooking and heating. They recently developed a lumber operation on their land. Ann had many suggestions to offer, including extending the season at both ends with hoop houses, adding that old fashioned cold frames do just fine!
Bill McKibben spoke next, saying that while his particular focus of late has been the global picture, the global AND the local go hand in hand; Bill talked about his experiment with living for a year on the 100-Mile Diet; everything he consumed was grown or made within the Champlain Valley except for seasonings/spice (the Marco Polo rule). The biggest revelation, he said, was learning who grew what, and where; a true rediscovery of his surrounding community.
Bill, who communicates with Transition Towns founder, Rob Hopkins, called the TT movement “the quiet, up from the bottom revolution”. He said that since the last century, knowing one’s neighbors has become an optional thing as there is a perception that we don’t ‘need’ each other. On the contrary, he said; we need ‘social solidarity’ more than ever to face a challenging future.
Bill addressed how to rebuild community by citing Vermont town meetings, saying they make people feel responsible for each other, thus defying our culture’s hyperindividualism.
Breakout discussions focused on citing examples of sharing with neighbors that exist now, as well as aspects we can build upon.
People mentioned examples of sharing with friends and neighbors rather than having formal networks. The Underhill Food Shed, though a great place to leave excess produce, lacks interactiveness. (Another option for excess produce is the veggie garden at Deborah Rawson Library, which donates produce to Jeri Hill Independent Living).
Discussion ensued around TTJ overseeing a neighbor-share program or at the very least, starting a Google Doc to exchange information and resources.
During the meeting, people were making generous offerings, from providing garden space to those in need, to lending a pipe bender (for building small hoop houses) to teaching how to compost. Recalling Bill McKibben’s comment that neighborliness is a skill that’s hard to relearn, I thought, right here at least the neighborly vibe is alive and well!
Shanna Ratner was the speaker at the January 25 TTJ meeting, “Listening Across the Political Divide”. A resident of Fairfield, Shanna was a founding member of Franklin County’s local Braver Angels group in 2017. A national group, Braver Angels (BA) formed after the contentious 2016 election, and groups now exist in every state, with over 12,000 members.
About 25 people showed up to our zoom meeting, just a few reds among the more numerous blues, a microcosm of Vermont itself. Shanna began by showing two short BA videos, including Finding Common Ground in Ohio, a film of the very first BA workshop. It showed facilitators bringing together seven reds and seven blues in dialog and listening. After the workshop, people shared stories, describing heartfelt connections with people from the opposite side of the spectrum. Here’s the video:
In BA dialogs you see people listening to each other and finding their common humanity beneath political differences. People seem less alien when you see how their life experience leads them to their beliefs. Shanna led us in breakout groups that had us practice listening skills and finding commonalities in how we each arrive at our political views.
Some additional insights from Shanna:
-It’s not about changing peoples’ minds or arguing over facts; it’s about finding the 80% that we agree on.
-A local legislator who is part of Franklin County BA says it’s the only place he can really be honest, since he has to be politically correct within his political circles.
-To keep a local group going, you must (ironically) keep politics out of it, so it remains a safe place for people of all persuasions.
Shanna shared her story of forming their local BA group. She initially got involved after a BA Bus Tour came through her town. She asked her neighbor, a retired military officer to join her, but was challenged in finding more reds (groups ideally have equal numbers of reds/blues). She went to the local gun shop, fire station, and other places where she might encounter reds and invite them to participate.
The Franklin County group initially attended some BA workshops, including “Skills to Bridge the Political Divide” BA’s most popular course; they have remained together, meeting quarterly. In 2018 they wanted to go beyond simply talking, and tackled a couple legislative issues; this year, their team is leading a “Skills to Bridge...” workshop on March 4. To take part, contact Dan Pipes: firstname.lastname@example.org
TTJ is offering a follow-up meeting on Monday *February 22, for anyone interested in pursuing steps toward forming a local BA. If you missed the January 25 presentation, you can request it here: TTJericho.VT@gmail.com
*Meeting has been postponed until March 29